Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 Chapter 11 – Cut Nyak Dhien
Jumpa lagi dalam kami websiteedukasi, kali ini kita akan melakukan pembahasan Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 Chapter 11 – Cut Nyak Dhien. Seperti kita ketahui bersama bahwa Cut Nyak Dhien adalah Pahlawan Wanita yang berasal dari Aceh. Dalam chapter ini kita akan belajar seputar Cut Nyak Dhien dan juga belajar membaca, vokal, kosakata dan lain-lain.
Berikut adalah beberapa informasi singkat dari materi chapter 11 Cut Nyak Dhien.
DESCRIBE AND GUESS
For example: ‘A person who is forced to leave his/her place.’ He/she is an ‘exile’.
After you know how to play the game, your teacher will divide the class into two groups to play the game. The group who can guess more words will be the winner.
Aceh War. She was born in Lampadang in 1848. Following the death of her
husband Teuku Umar, she led guerrilla actions against the Dutch for 25 years.
She was awarded the title of Indonesian National Hero on 2 May 1964 by the
Cut Nyak Dhien was born into an Islamic aristocratic family in Aceh Besar.
Her father, Teuku Nanta Setia, was a member of the ruling Ulèë Balang aristocratic
class in VI mukim, and her mother was
also from an aristocratic family. She
was educated in religion and household
matters. She was renowned for her
beauty, and many men proposed to
marry her. Finally, she married Teuku
Cik Ibrahim Lamnga, the son of an
aristocratic family, when she was
On 26 March 1873, the Dutch
declared war on Aceh. In November
1873, during the Second Aceh
Expedition, the Dutch successfully
captured VI mukim in 1873, followed
by the Sultan’s Palace in 1874.
to a safer location while her husband Ibrahim Lamnga fought to reclaim VI
mukim. Lamnga died in action on June 29, 1878. Hearing this, Cut Nyak Dhien
was enraged and swore to destroy the Dutch.
Some time later, Teuku Umar proposed to marry her. Learning that Teuku
Umar would allow her to fight, she accepted his proposal. They were married in
1880. This greatly boosted the morale of Aceh armies in their fight against Dutch.
Teuku Umar and Cut Nyak Dhien had a daughter, Cut Gambang.
The war continued, and the Acehnese declared Holy War against the Dutch,
and were engaged in guerrilla warfare. Undersupplied, Teuku Umar surrendered
to the Dutch forces on September 30, 1893 along with 250 of his men. The Dutch
army welcomed him and appointed him as a commander, giving him the title
of Teuku Umar Johan Pahlawan. However, Teuku Umar secretly planned to
betray the Dutch. Two years later Teuku Umar set out to assault Aceh, but he
instead deserted with his troops taking with them heavy equipment, weapons,
and ammunition, using these supplies to help the Acehnese. This is recorded in
Dutch history as “Het verraad van Teukoe Oemar” (the treason of Teuku Umar).
The Dutch general Johannes Benedictus van Heutsz sent a spy to Aceh. Teuku
Umar was killed during a battle when the Dutch launched a surprise attack on
him in Meulaboh. When Cut Gambang cried over his death, Cut Nyak Dhien
slapped her and then she hugged her and said: “As Acehnese women, we may not
shed tears for those who have been martyred.”
After her husband died, Cut Nyak Dhien continued to resist the Dutch with
her small army until its destruction in 1901, as the Dutch adapted their tactics to
the situation in Aceh. Furthermore, Cut Nyak Dhien suffered from nearsightedness
and arthritis as she got older. The number of her troops was also decreasing and
they suffered from lack of supplies.
One of her troops, Pang Laot, told the Dutch the location of her headquarters
in Beutong Le Sageu. The Dutch attacked, catching Dhien and her troops by
surprise. Despite desperately fighting back, Dhien was captured. Her daughter,
Cut Gambang, escaped and continued the resistance. Dhien was brought to Banda
Aceh and her myopia and arthritis slowly healed, but in the end she was exiled
to Sumedang, West Java because the Dutch were afraid she would mobilize the
resistance of Aceh people. She died on 6 November 1908.
needed, you may change the parts of speech.
____________________, but the government officials have not
explained the charges.
units of enemy troops, but seek and eliminate small groups of soldiers
to minimize losses.
Their words were listened, followed and applied by people.
They _______________ women, old people and children to the
get wealth or worldly materials. They do it for the sake of God.
make three demands for the government to fulfill.
s/he should get a harsh punishment.
officer. The punishment was given to make him feel a deep regret for
having done such a cruel behavior.
________________ her ownership of the pretty house next to the
the man she loved and she expected to come back was a bandit.
she is in the mall.