Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 – Battle of Surabaya

Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 - Battle of Surabaya

Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 – Battle of Surabaya

Pada kesempatan ini kami akan membagikan pembahasan materi bahasa inggris kelas X chapter 9 yaitu Battle of Surabaya. Battel of surabaya merupakan chapter ke 9 dari 15 chapter materi bahasa inggris kelas 10 SMA.

Pada pembahasan ini telah tersedia beberapa contoh kosakata, membaca dan latihan soal untuk materi chapter 9 . Berikut ini adalah beberapa informasi Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 – Battle of Surabaya.


Observe the crossword puzzle below. In the puzzle, there are 10 regular and
10 irregular verbs in past tense. Work in pairs to find them as fast as possible.
Write your answer on a piece of paper. Post your answer on the white/black board
or on a wall of your classroom as soon as you finish doing it. Those who can
finish the earliest are the winners. As the winners, you can tell the class to sing an
English song that you like and tell them to dance, too.

Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 - Battle of Surabaya


Check whether these words have been matched to the correct meaning in Bahasa Indonesia. Compare your work to your classmates.
remembrance (noun)                     : kekuatan militer
surrender (verb)                           : menyerahkan
weaponry (noun)                          : persenjataaan
defiant (adjective)                         : menantang
drop (verb)                                  : memperlambat
leaflet (noun)                                : selebaran
anger (verb)                                 : membuat marah
be betrayed (verb)                         : ter/dikhianati
siege (verb)                                  : mengepung
reinforcement (noun)                     : peringatan
casualties (noun)                           : korban
hamper (verb)                               : menjatuhkan
militia (noun)                                 : kelompok pejuang
advance (verb)                              : bergerak maju
rally (verb)                                    : berkumpul untuk mendukung


remembrance                                 : / rəmem.brəns /
bloody                                           : / blʌd.i /
surrender                                       : / s ə ren.dər /
weaponry                                       : / wep.ən.ri /
defiant                                            : / dɪfaɪ.ənt /
drop                                               : / drɒp /
leaflet                                             : / li.flət /
anger                                             : / æŋ.gə r /
militia                                             : / mɪlɪʃ.ə /
feel betrayed                                   : / fil / / bɪtreɪd /
reinforcement                                 : / ri.ɪnfɔ.smənt /
casualty                                         : / kæɜ.ju.əl.ti /
hamper                                          : / hæm.pə r /
advance                                         : / advans /


Task 1: Reading Comprehension 

As you know on every 10 November we all celebrate Heroes
Days. Why do you think the Heroes Day took that special date to
commemorate our heroes’ sacrifice? Discuss with your partners
and come to a conclusion why the date has become special. After
that, read through the passage and check whether your conclusion
is the same as the reason stated in the text.

On 10 November, Indonesia celebrates Hari Pahlawan or
Heroes Day in remembrance of the Battle of Surabaya which
started on that very date in the year 1945. The bloody battle took
place because Indonesians refused to surrender their weaponry
to British army. British Army at that time was part of the Allied
Forces. The defiant Bung Tomo is the well-known revolutionary
leader who played a very important role in this battle.
It all started because of a misunderstanding between British
troops in Jakarta and those in Surabaya, under the command
of Brigadier A.W.WS. Mallaby. Brigadier Mallaby already had an
agreement with Governor of East Java Mr. Surya. The agreement
stated that British would not ask Indonesian troops and militia to
surrender their weapons.
However, a British plane from Jakarta dropped leaflets all
over Surabaya. The leaflet told Indonesians to do otherwise on
27 October 1945. This action angered the Indonesian troops and
militia leaders because they felt betrayed.
On 30 October 1945, Brigadier Mallaby was killed as he was
approaching the British troops’ post near Jembatan Merah or
Red Bridge, Surabaya. There were many reports about the death,
but it was widely believed that the Brigadier was murdered by
Indonesian militia. Looking at this situation, Lieutenant General
Sir Philip Christison brought in reinforcements to siege the city.In the early morning of 10 November 1945, British troops
began to advance into Surabaya with cover from both naval and
air bombardment. Although the Indonesians defended the city
heroically, the city was conquered within 3 days and the whole
battle lasted for 3 weeks. In total, between 6,000 and 16,000
Indonesians died while casualties on the British side were about
600 to 2000.
Battle of Surabaya caused Indonesia to lose weaponry which
hampered the country’s independence struggle. However, the
battle provoked Indonesian and international mass to rally for
the country’s independence which made this battle especially
important for Indonesian national revolution.

Task 2: Answer the following questions briefly based on the text above.

1. What is the passage about?
2. When did the battle take place?
3. Where did it happen?
4. What caused the battle? Draw a diagram that shows chronologically the events that led to the battle.
5. What do think about the Indonesian military power compared to that of the British army at that time?
6. What made the Indonesians dare to face the British army military aggression?
7. Did the Indonesian lose or win the battle? Why do you think so?
8. How did the battle influence the national revolution at that time?
9. Who was the prominent figure in the battle? What did he do?
10.Indonesia had gone through many battles. Why do you think the date of the Battle of Surabaya is used as a momentum to commemorate our hero’s contribution?
11. Describe in one word the Indonesians who defended their city at that time.
12. Do you think that the information in the text is clear?
13. Have you read other texts that tell about similar events? What are they?


Recounts record a series of events in the order in which they
occurred. There are several types of recounts, for example, diaries,
letters/postcards, journals, autobiographies and biographies, or
anything related to histories (historical recounts). In this chapter, you are studying historical recounts. Do you know how a historical
recount is told or written? Similar to other types of recounts,
historical recounts usually start with orientation, followed with a
series of events, and ends with a reorientation. The orientation
part include information about who, what, when, and where. The
series of events are presented in the order they really happened.
The recount ends with a reorientation which states personal
comments about the events.
Now, together with your partner, complete the following
sentences that show how The Battle of Surabaya happened. 

Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 - Battle of Surabaya


Fill in the blanks with the right word. Don’t forget to change
the verbs into past tense when necessary.

Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 - Battle of Surabaya
1. The freedom fighters were forced to ____________, but their
faith in God and people’s dream strengthened them to keep on
fighting against the aggressors. 
2. The ________ militia refused to obey the British army’s
instruction to surrender their weaponry to them. 
3. The city was under _______ so that nobody could get in or get
out of the city. Luckily, the people depended on no one for their
4. To ensure that they would win the battle, the foreign army sent
______________ to the battle ground, some of which include
weaponry and logistical support. 
5. Do not betray me. Be loyal to our agreement. Your betrayal
will _________me. I can be really angry, and that can mean that
there will be no more collaboration between us. 
6. Last week, teenagers _________ in the center of the city to
support the beginning of bike-to-school program. They all came
riding their bicycles. 
7. The defeat in the Battle of Surabaya __________the militia
movement only for a while. The heroic spirit had spread out
and inflamed others to continue fighting for the country’s
8. The militia ___________ secretly to take back the conquered city
from the aggressor.
9. On every November 10, my school holds a ceremony in __________
of our national heroes. We pray together and I usually go to the
library to read again the biography of General Sudirman and
then pray for him. He is my favorite hero. 
10.Do not ___________to life problems. Keep on looking for the best
solutions. Our responsibility is to do our best, and leave the
rest to God. 
11.Students from many schools held a mass ________to protest
the rampant corruption and demanded the corruptors in that
institution to be arrested. 
12.Priski’s mother told her to drop out from school because Priski’s
father died last month. Priski _______ that because she knows
that education is important for her future. She ________ her
mother earns money by making some snack that she sells in
the school canteen every day.


Task 1: Read the following incomplete sentences. Complete
them with am/is/are (present) or was/were (past). 
1. In 1945, they _____ 17, so they ______ 85 now. 
2. Today the weather _____ cold, but last Monday it _______ terribly
3. I _____ very thirsty. Can somebody give me a glass of water,
4. The defiant freedom fighters _______ very brave. They fought till
death to defend the city. 
5. I _____ happy with Surabaya now. Years ago, it _____ very dirty
and messy. 
6. Don’t buy those weapons. They _____ dangerous and illegal. 
7. Hey, I like your new hat. It fits you well, and when you wear it,
it reminds me of the 1945 freedom fighters. ____ it expensive? 
8. This time seventy years ago my grandfather ________ in
Surabaya joining the militia to fight against the British army. 
9. “Where ______ the veterans?” “I don’t know. They _______ in
the lobby of the hotel five minutes ago.” 
10.The generals and the veterans ______ happy and optimistic
about us now. They know we _______always busy with good
activities and never think of using drugs. When we met them
last year, they ________ pessimistic.
Task 2: Complete the sentences. Choose the right words and
change them into the simple past or present tense according
to the context of the sentences.
Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 - Battle of SurabayaMateri Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 - Battle of Surabaya
1. His unruly behavior frequently __________ many teachers and
classmates. However, Mrs. Sabariah never gets tired of giving
him advice every time he makes problem. 
2. The city was in fire. After analyzing the situation, the general
finally ordered his soldiers to move. They _________ secretly to
go out of the besieged city. 
3. She cannot buy gadget, clothes, shoes, and textbooks. However,
the poverty never __________ the progress of her study. For
textbooks, she usually borrows them from the school library. 
4. Don’t cheat in exam. Cheating means that you __________ your
own life principle. 
5. The robber_________ to surrender, but the police persuaded
them to give up. 
6. Never _________ best friends for our own advantage because
best friends are like precious treasure.
7. On every Sunday morning, the student organizations and their
members regularly __________ to the town square to entertain
and educate people to reduce the use of plastic in daily life. 
8. He could finally graduate from high school despite the financial
problems that he faced. He __________ his life problems
successfully. Learn from him. 
9. The ceremony in remembrance of our founding fathers and
mothers ___________ in the training field. The ceremony was a
tribute to them. 
10.When I was in Columbus, America, I heard Tanah Pusaka
song. I __________ very emotionally touched, and I even cried. I
missed Indonesia, my beloved country


Your teacher is going to read you an experience of a boy who had to go out of Surabaya when the city was surrounded by the British Army. Listen carefully. You may take notes if necessary. Then, answer the teacher’s questions.


Task 1: Read the following dialog. Take turns reading it.
Ami : Riza, look! That heroic monument stands high and strong.
Riza : Hmm…. It is a remembrance for us to our heroes’ struggle on this country.
Ami : Yeah, many of them became casualties of the war.
Riza : I had an unforgettable experience there.
Ami : Really? What was it?
Riza : When I was in Junior High School, my school held a program called “Keep our city clean and green!”
Ami : What did you do?
Riza : My schoolmates, my teachers, and I rallied in the monument area at 6 a.m and began to clean the area around the monument until it’s clean and tidy.
Ami : That’s a very good program.
Riza : Yes, it was. We also planted some trees around it.
Task 2: Sharing an experience 
Do you still remember the boy’s experience you just listened
to? You can make a new recount text based on the boy’s
experience, treating it as if it were your own experience.
Imagine that you were the boy who had to continue the trip
after staying overnight in the village. Tell your imaginary
experience based on the last part of the story. Do that in
groups of four students. Follow the instructions below:
1. Remember the story you just listened to. 
2. Retell the story. Each member of the group takes turns saying
one sentence.
3. The first student says one sentence to begin retelling the story.
(The first sentence should serve as the orientation). 
4. The second student continues saying the next sentence
containing the next event. 
5. The third student goes on saying the following event and so
does the fourth student. 
6. Continue doing that until the story is finished. 
7. After that, based on the last part of the story, the group begins
to make up the group’s own story. 
8. Do that by taking turns saying one sentence. 
9. When the teacher says that the time is up the group stop doing
the activity. 
10.Present ‘your experience’ during the battle of Surabaya in front
of the class. 
Task 3: Speaking Game 
Play this game in groups of four students. Divide each group into
halves. Each half opposes the other half. Now do the following
a. Read the Battle of Surabaya again carefully. 
b. Choose the words that you like. You must know the meaning
of the chosen words. 
c. Then, take turns telling your opposing partners to make
sentences based on the words that you chose. Those who can
make communicative sentences get score. Each communicative
sentence will get 100. Don’t forget to count the minutes used
to make it. You can decide the length of time for making one
d. The winners are those who can make more sentences in less


Write a recount text. You can rewrite the chronology of the
battle of Surabaya. If you choose that, read the passage again and
the task on text structure on page 124, then close the book. Now
try to rewrite the chronology of the events in the Battle of Surabaya
using your own words.
You can also rewrite the experience of the boy you listened to
(LISTENING on page 129), or the one your group created (SPEAKING
task 3 on page 130), or write your own experience. The experience
can be a real or an imaginary one.
Study again the following arrangement of ideas in a recount
text to help you write the recount text:
Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 - Battle of Surabaya


Sekian pembahasan singkat Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 – Battle of Surabaya yang telah kami sampaikan, semoga dapat menambah wawasan anda dalam menguasai bahasa inggris.

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